February 23, 2024

This study proposes an engineering configuration process-based (EDP-based) educating and learning model in science schooling and looks at its instructive potential for deductively gifted understudies. This model comprises of exercises intended to assist understudies with concocting effective fixes utilizing the engineering configuration process in a systemic way to take care of issues in regular day to day existence. The EDP-based model has five phases: “characterizing the issue,” “ingathering data,” “creating the arrangement,” “carrying out the best arrangement,” and “assessing the arrangement and mirroring.” The model was named DIGIER in view of these five phases. This EDP-based model has capabilities for deductively gifted training, for example, giving direction to creating gifted schooling projects and assisting teachers with utilizing informatively viable system for logically gifted understudies in the science training foundation for the skilled, South Korea. Making a basic open air paper magnifying lens program created with the DIGIER model. The understudies perceive the old paper magnifying lens disappointing and perceive a need to make another basic outside paper magnifying lens through examination to notice stomata in plant leaves with an optical and old paper magnifying instrument. Then, the understudies make another paper magnifying instrument plan cooperatively. Thusly, DIGIER model can be an exceptionally compelling educating and learning methodology to expand the logical imagination and cooperative capacities of deductively gifted understudies that will assume an essential part later on society.

The engineering configuration process

Comprehension of the engineering plan

Atman et al. (2007) saw engineering plan as one of the significant components in engineering schooling and viewed it as the need might have arisen to procure. Dym et al. (2005) characterized engineering plan as a deliberate and scholarly course of determining the ideas of items, frameworks, and cycles to meet the targets of clients and the requirements of clients as well as prohibitive circumstances and the age and assessment of the predetermined ideas. License Board for Engineering and Technology(ABET 2017) characterized engineering plan as a monotonous dynamic course of changing assets in an upgraded way by applying fundamental logical, numerical, and engineering information to accomplish an objective during the time spent contriving a framework, part, and cycle to meet the necessities, plan rules, codes, and principles inside the limitations of wellbeing, security, economy, morals, strategy, maintainability, ability to make, and efficiency. Benavides (2011) characterized engineering configuration as laying out and executing an arrangement to address human issues. Asunda and Slope (2017) characterized engineering plan as a unique, iterative, and open course of concocting and fostering a part, framework, and cycle.

Moreover, Lewis (2005) characterized engineering plan as an imaginative exertion spread the word about in a questionable climate from conditions to obscure ones. Roh (2014) characterized engineering plan as the innovative movement of making another gadget or framework or working on the ongoing one. Haik and Shahin (2011) characterized engineering configuration as making another item to produce benefit and add to society. An imaginative thought ought to be set up in the improvement of another uncommon item or somewhat worked on one to tackle an issue in light of different human necessities, and it ought to be transformed into an item effectively (Roy 1993). At the point when these viewpoints are considered, clearly inventiveness is an unquestionable requirement all through engineering plan (Haik and Shahin 2011; Howard et al. 2008), which is the reason engineering configuration is additionally called imaginative engineering plan (Lee and Kim 2012).

The engineering configuration process has been introduced in different structures by a wide range of engineering training scientists (Budynas and Nisbett 2015; Cross 2000; Weight watcher and Schmidt 2013; Dym et al. 2013; Haik and Shahin 2011; Khandani 2005; Pahl and Beitz 1996), yet they share comparable itemized and particular stages (Table 1). By and large, the engineering configuration process is included plan exercises that think about all the data expected to characterize an issue plainly, create thoughts for its answer, and form them into great thoughts for an item.

Qualities of critical thinking, logical request and engineering plan

Engineering configuration was contrasted and critical thinking and logical request to inspect its qualities obviously (Table 2). Critical thinking is a psychological course of tracking down the most fitting response under restricted conditions in another tricky circumstance (Woods 1987) and the mental course of arriving at the objective state from the ongoing one (Chi and Glaser 1983; Frazer 1982; Mayer and Wittrock 2006; Vocalist et al. 2012). Researchers lead a logical request to produce new logical information in light of the proof gathered through the examination on the regular world (NRC 1996). A logical request is a cycle where researchers truly do explore to figure out the regular world (Chinn and Malhotra 2002; Hofstein and Lunetta 2004; NRC 1996) and look for the right solution to their inquiries concerning nature (Meier et al. 1996). An engineering configuration is a course of making an inventive item to meet the given requirements and client needs by exploiting the logical, numerical, and engineering information on the fashioners.